I was going to do an intro but I found the introduction below on youtube which is so thorough, that anything else from me would be superfluous. I will add though that in the second video you get a good idea was as to why Germany was ultimately doomed due to Hitler’s rigidity of military strategy. In February 1943 after the surrender of the 6th Army at Stalingrad, the German S.S. Panzer Corps. composed of the three panzer grenadier divisions Leibstandarte S.S. Adolf Hitler, Das Reich, and Totenkopf, (superbly equipped, trained, motivated and lead, and arguably man for man the best soldiers of World War II) was about to be trapped in the Ukrainian city of Kharkov. Their commander, S.S. General Paul Hausser asked for permission to withdraw out of the certain entrapment but Hitler forbade it demanding that they hold fast (a decision which would have annihilated them). Hausser decided to disobey the order and had his men withdraw (if he had been a Wehrmacht instead of an S.S. general he might have been courtmartialed) and successfully made it out to safety. Having done so, the German commander of Army Group South Field Marshal Erich von Manstein (the most talented commander in World War II – Europe) regrouped and launched a counter attack on the overextended Soviet advance and defeated the Red Army while the S.S. Panzer Corps recaptured Kharkov (“The Third Battle of Kharkov, Feb. 19 – March 15, 1943“) – the last major Soviet victory on the Eastern Front. Manstein felt that the days of rigid “hold fast” strategies were outdated and suicidal and that the Germans needed defensive /offensive flexibility i.e. freedom of maneuver, to make the Soviets outrun their supplies and then hit them on their flanks. Fortunately for the Soviets and the Western Allies, Hitler’s refusal to cede any ground ultimately doomed Germany.
The post accompanying this video (written by someone else) on youtube:
By the spring of 1945, Himmler had lost faith in German victory. He came to the realization that if the Nazi regime was to have any chance of survival, it would need to seek peace with Britain and the United States. Toward this end, he contacted Count Folke Bernadotte of Sweden at Lübeck, near the Danish border, and began negotiations.
When Hitler discovered this, Himmler was declared a traitor and stripped of all his titles and ranks the day before Hitler committed suicide. Hitler’s successor as Chancellor of Germany was Joseph Goebbels. At the time of Himmler’s denunciation, he held the positions of Commanding General of the SS, Chief of the German Police, Realm Commissioner of German Nationhood, Realm Minister of the Interior, Supreme Commander of the People’s Storm (Volkssturm), and Supreme Commander of the Home Army.
Unfortunately for Himmler, his negotiations with Count Bernadotte failed. Since he could not return to Berlin, he joined Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz, who by then was commanding all the German forces within the northern part of the western front, in nearby Plön. Dönitz immediately sent Himmler away, explaining that there was no place for him in the German government.
Himmler next turned to the Americans as a defector, contacting the headquarters of General Dwight Eisenhower and proclaiming he would surrender all of Germany to the Allies if he was spared from prosecution as a Nazi leader. Eisenhower refused to have anything to do with Himmler, who was subsequently declared a major war criminal.
Unwanted by his former colleagues and hunted by the Allies, Himmler wandered for several days near the Danish border, around Flensburg, the capital of the Dönitz government. Attempting to evade arrest, he disguised himself as a sergeant-major of the Secret Military Police, using the name Heinrich Hitzinger, shaving his mustache and donning an eye patch over his left eye, in the hope that he could return to Bavaria. He had equipped himself with a full set of false documents, but someone whose papers were wholly “in order” was so unusual that it aroused the suspicions of a British Army unit in Bremen. He was arrested on May 22, and, in captivity, was soon recognized.
Himmler was scheduled to stand trial with other German leaders as a major war criminal at Nuremberg, but committed suicide in Lüneburg by swallowing a potassium cyanide capsule before interrogation could begin. His last words were “Ich bin Heinrich Himmler!” (“I am Heinrich Himmler!”). Shortly afterward, Himmler’s body was secretly buried in an unmarked grave on the Lüneburg Heath. The precise location of Himmler’s grave remains unknown.