The West took out Col Gaddafi, now the entire region is unstable and ripe for Islamist takeover.
‘West created conditions for Islamists to take over in Mali’
As the situation in Mali continues to deteriorate and France calls for intervention, journalist Gerald Horne explained to RT that it was Western powers that created the conditions in the first place for Islamic extremists to take over.
He also expressed surprise that “there will be no French troops in this intervention,” as “the North Atlantic nations bear total responsibility for this catastrophe.”
RT: Now there is opinion that Mali was a relatively stable country while Colonel Gaddafi was in power in Libya, due to his close tribal links – tell us more about this interdependence.
Gerald Horne: There is no question that what is happening in Mali is a humanitarian crisis and a disaster, and is a direct outgrowth of the North Atlantic countries’ intervention in Libya in 2011. In order to dislodge Colonel Gaddafi, the North Atlantic countries had to dump tons of weapons into Libya, which inevitably leaked into neighboring Mali, which before had been relatively stable. With the leaking of these weapons into Mali you saw the eruption of civil unrest and military unrest in northern Mali, and now what we have is an al-Qaeda-like formation that has taken hold of a region of northern Mali – which is larger than the state of France. What has happened in the wake of this overthrow of the authorities in Bamako has been the flogging of suspected criminals and the amputation of hands of suspected thieves, the persecution of single mothers. Tens of thousands have fled into neighboring Nigeria, tens of thousands more have fled into neighboring Mauritania, and tens of thousands have fled into neighboring Niger. It’s also fair to say that this event has given a jolt of success to so-called Islamists throughout northern and north western Africa. For example in neighboring Nigeria, the Boko Haram has repeatedly been attacking Christian churches in recent weeks and months. What’s happening is that the United Nations Security Council has to authorize a resolution for the economic communities of west African states to intervene in Mali in order to overthrow this Islamist formation in northern Mali and basically clean up the mess created by the intervention in Libya of the North Atlantic countries.
RT: For many countries, Gaddafi was a man who supported insurgents and eventually took part in the coup in Mali, but to others he helped restraint among those desert warriors. How does something like that happen, how do you see that?
GH: Well basically, the state formations in that part of Africa are rather fragile, and it is inevitable that if you drop tons of weapons into fragile regions that there is only going to be unrest that ensues immediately and automatically. Not only that, but Colonel Gaddafi had worked out a détente with the North Atlantic nations to contain conservative religious radicals. But basically the North Atlantic nations, led by Washington, London and Paris overthrew that détente; they turned the tables on Colonel Gaddafi and aligned with his former antagonists and overthrew him – and now the inevitable has happened. We have to recognize that there is a fatal attraction between conservative religious radicals and the North Atlantic nations. We recall what happened in Afghanistan in the 1980’s, when they aligned with the same forces and now see the same result: a quagmire in Afghanistan, with these former allies of these North Atlantic nations now fighting it out to the death.
RT: Very briefly, we know that Western powers weighed in to help overthrow Gaddafi in Libya – do you think, and if so, just how much of a responsibility should they provide for provoking such major instability in the region?
GH: Well I find it very curious that President Hollande of France has said there will be no French troops in this intervention in Mali; it seems to me that the North Atlantic nations bear total responsibility for this humanitarian catastrophe in Mali. They should be made to pay reparations not only to Mali but also to the neighboring countries that have had to take in tens of thousands of refugees, thereby putting an enormous strain on their fragile states.
France has begun an operation to push back rebel forces in Mali. A state of emergency has been declared throughout the country.
“French forces brought their support this afternoon to Malian army units to fight against terrorist elements,” French President Francois Hollande said in a statement. “This operation will last as long as is necessary.”
On Friday France began air strikes against the rebels. Backed by international forces, the Malian army was able to stop the advance by the Al-Qaeda-linked militants and recapture the key town of Konna, which had been seized by insurgent forces earlier, said the country’s defense officials.
Britain supports France’s decision to intervene, UK Foreign Secretary William Hague said in a message on Twitter.
A source at Sevare airport, located 40 miles (60 km) south of Konna, told Reuters that around a dozen war planes had arrived on Friday.
Residents of the city also said that Western soldiers arrived late on Thursday, and reported the arrival of military helicopters and army reinforcements.
“Helicopters have bombarded rebel positions. The operation will continue,” a senior military source in Bamako said.
Earlier Friday, Hollande vowed to stop the advance of al-Qaeda linked rebels who control northern Mali and have headed south in recent days.
In a speech to France’s diplomatic corps, the leader said he was ready to respond to Mali’s call for help.
“is prepared to stop the terrorist offensive,”
Hollande said. He did not provide any specific details.
It comes just one day after Hollande’s Malian counterpart, Dioncounda Traore, sought help from France in order to stem the rebels’ advance. The two leaders will meet in Paris on Wednesday, a French diplomatic source told Reuters.
The UN Security Council has also called for a ‘swift deployment’ of foreign troops to Mali. It has approved plans to send some 3,000 African troops to recapture the country’s north.
Nigeria and Senegal are also providing assistance to Malian government forces.
Until now, France and other EU nations have limited their plans for assistance, offering only training and logistics to support Mali’s army.
Meanwhile, France’s Foreign Ministry has issued a travel alert for Mali, advising its residents to leave the country.
Women hold banners urging national talks to end the political paralysis in the south of Mali, in the capital Bamako January 10, 2013. (Reuters/Francois Rihouay)
“Due to the serious deterioration in the security situation in Mali, the threat of attack or abduction is growing,” the ministry said. “It is strongly recommended that people avoid unnecessarily exposing themselves to risks.”
Extremists, which have controlled the country’s north for months, captured the city of Konna on Thursday.
“We are actually in Konna for the jihad [holy war],” spokesman for the Ansar Dine militant group, Sanda Abu Mohammed, told AFP.
Ansar Dine and Mujao have controlled most of northern Mali since last April. They formed an alliance with Tuareg rebels following a military coup in March.
However, their alliance quickly collapsed, with the Islamists capturing the area’s urban centers and marginalizing the Tuareg rebels.
The Islamists have been accused of war crimes and attempting to impose strict Sharia law throughout the region, harboring fears that the area could soon become a hub for al-Qaeda linked militants.
The rebels are currently threatening the take over the city of Mopti, which would leave the capital Bamako more vulnerable.
Abayomi Azikiwe, editor of the Pan-African News Wire, stressed in an interview with RT that there is a lot of US and French involvement in the crisis.
He noted that Mali’s interim president, Dioncounda Traore, has close ties with the United States and was installed by US-trained Captain Amadou Sanogo, who led last year’s coup d’état.
Azikiwe believes that Paris and Washington are using the involvement of radical Islamist groups in the rebellion as a pretext for military intervention in Mali. “I do believe that both France and the United States have long-term plans for military intervention in Africa.”
Figthers of the Islamic group Ansar Dine standing guard at Kidal airport, northern Mali (AFP Photo / Romaric Ollo Hien)
Jeff Steinberg, senior editor of the Executive Intelligence Review, believes France should be blamed for the unrest in the African country, linking the rebellion in the northern Mali to the fall of the Gaddafi regime in Libya.
“The rebel operations in northern Mali have existed for quite some time, but it was only in the aftermath of the overthrow of the Gaddafi government in Libya – which was promoted by France, Britain and the United States in particular – it was only after that that you had a massive flow of weapons out of Libya into the hands of the rebels, which basically took a low-intensity conflict and threw it into a much greater crisis where the rebels outgunned the Malian army,” Steinberg told RT.
“So suddenly as a result of one badly-flawed regime-change policy in Libya, we have instability spreading to many parts of the African continent and beyond. So it’s a kind of a supreme irony that the French are being asked to come in and clean up a mess that they themselves helped create by the actions in 2011 in Libya.”