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Betrayed Illusions: The Left and the Jews

by Speranza ( 57 Comments › )
Filed under Anti-semitism, Cold War, Communism, History, Judaism, Socialism at August 22nd, 2013 - 11:00 am

The author references the notorious Slansky Trial in Prague of November 1952. There is an excellent film (you can find it here on youtube) which came out in 1970 called “L’Aveu” (The Confession)  which dealt with that purge and it is based on the book by Artur London who was sentenced to life imprisonment (and freed a few years later) after Stalin’s death. The trial was filled with anti-Semitism even though the Jewish defendants had all turned their backs on their Judaism.

by Vladimir Tismaneanu

Almost sixty-one years ago, in November 1952, in Prague, the former secretary general of the Czechoslovak Communist Party, a diehard, fanatic Stalinist, Rudolf Slansky, and 13 other prominent communists, mostly Jewish, were sentenced to death for alleged treason and Zionist conspiracy.  At the same time, Stalin’s terminal paranoia led to the execution of the leaders of the Jewish Antifascist Committee, including celebrated Yiddish-language poet Peretz Markish, and the imprisonment of famous physicians accused of trying to poison Soviet leaders. Soviet Bloc media were filled with venomous anti-Semitic harangues. Had Stalin not died in March 1953, the doctors would have been executed, hundreds of thousands arrested, millions forcibly resettled. The likelihood of a gigantic pogrom, a Soviet-style Kristallnacht,  was looming large. The official terms for Jews was “rootless cosmopolitans.” Like in the National Socialist demonology, they were stigmatized as the driving force of the execrated capitalism, carriers of decadent values, agents of treason and dissolution. Even after Stalin’s demise, his successor Nikita Khrushchev continued to encourage anti-Semitic portrayals of Jews as mercenary individuals, speculators and “genetically” un-patriotic.

How was it possible for Bolshevik internationalism to degenerate into vicious anti-Semitism, similar to the worst propaganda excesses of the Black Hundreds in czarist Russia? Where did the promises of Marxist humanism, the dream of proletarian solidarity, irrespective of language and origin, vanish?  [.......]

There is a genealogy of this depressing story, a line of ideas that sends us back to the origins of modern socialism and its hostility to money, banks, profit, and capitalism in general. Not only Marxism found its roots in that search for a pure, unpolluted natural community, but also the neo-romantic movements that were to lead to Fascism. A scrupulous and immensely erudite historian of modern political passions, including socialism, Zionism, and their counterparts at the extreme right end of the ideological continuum, Robert Wistrich (who teaches at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem), wrote a real treatise on the enduring anti-Semitic propensities among left-wing revolutionary movements. Published in 2012 by University of Nebraska Press,  ”From Ambivalence to Betrayal: The Left, the Jews, and Israel” is must reading for those who want to understand the apparent paradox of the Left’s espousal of far-right conspiratorial, xenophobic delusions.

He shows how resentful ideas shaped the original socialist vision of Jews as promoters of capitalist instincts and vices. Even before the French Revolution, major Enlightenment figures expressed staunch Judeophobic attitudes. In France, Voltaire lambasted Jews as irretrievably tribalistic, whereas in Germany Hegel’s disciples regarded Judaism as a fundamentally reactionary religion, an obstacle to human emancipation.  [........]From Fichte to Richard Wagner and to the genocidal prophets Alfred Rosenberg and Adolf Hitler, there was a line of morbid fixation on the Jews as a pathogenic factor, comparable to harmful insects whose liquidation could ensure the health of the popular community (Volksgemeinschaft).

One of the most adamant anti-Semites was Bruno Bauer, initially a close friend of Karl Marx, later his philosophical and political enemy. Marx himself maintained an ambivalent, often embarrassed and hostile, attitude to his Jewish origins. As a matter of fact, his early text on “The Jewish Question” portrayed Jews in most unflattering colors, seeing them as the embodiment of everything romantics loved to hate: selfishness, mercantilism, soullessness.  [.......] Its ugly anti-Semitic stances notwithstanding, Marx’s early article became a sacred text for left-wingers who tried to address the issue of Jewish emancipation and assimilation. They all borrowed from the founding father the conviction that Jews were the incarnation of capitalist injustice, identified them with soulless plutocracy, and called for an ultimate de-Judaization of society via the ultimate revolutionary apocalypse. For Marx, a classless society meant a society without Jews as Jews. His musings on the Jewish question were philosophically preposterous, morally reprehensible, and sociologically groundless.

The same fixation functioned in non-Marxist leftist circles, from Proudhon to Bakunin and other anarchists. Wistrich explores convincingly the affinities between the far left and the far right in terms of their shared opposition to a perceived Judeo-plutocratic conspiracy. The Nazis would further exacerbate this myth, incorporating it in a broader Weltanschauung that insisted on the need to oppose both Jewish capitalism and Jewish Communism. [........] By the end of his life, Joseph Stalin was as convinced as Hitler that the house of Rothschild (or Wall Street as its latter day metamorphosis) is behind all world-historical events.

The demonization of the Jew as the symbol of the abhorred bourgeoisie coincided, within the Left, with the efforts by Jewish luminaries and rank-and-file members alike, to deny their roots. Think of such luminaries as Grigory Zinoviev, Lev Kamenev, Yakov Sverdlov, Rosa Luxemburg, Ruth Fischer, and the list is endless. Both “Red Rosa” and Lev Trotsky were born to traditional Jewish families, both did their utmost to overcome that heredity and convert to a supra-national, truly universalistic identity. [........] After all, Marx and Engels claimed in the “Communist Manifesto” that proletarians do not have a motherland. Why would they, Rosa and Leon, have one? They did not conceal their origin, but saw it as irrelevant for the much larger, more grandiose agenda of their revolutionary dreams. Did they really succeed?

Obviously, Jewish revolutionary internationalism failed. Both German and Russian socialists continued to see Jewish revolutionaries as tolerated individuals, rather than full-fledged members of the national parties. Veteran Social Democrats such as August Bebel and Frantz Mehring saw Rosa as an exalted, almost quixotic figure. In his struggle for Lenin’s mantle, Stalin did not hesitate to resort to anti-Semitic innuendo against his arch-rival Trotsky (whom he dubbed Judas) and other Jewish members of the Bolshevik Old Guard.  Publicly, at least in the 1930s, the vozhd (Leader) condemned anti-Semitism which he defined as a modern version of cannibalism. Privately, he unabashedly indulged in scurrilous anti-Semitic jokes.

The Romanian Stalinist Ana Pauker, the country’s Foreign Minister between 1947 and 1952, was first and foremost a soldier of the global communist movement. She remained loyal to the Bolshevik creed in spite of many terrible experiences, including the execution of her husband in the USSR, during the Great Purge, as a renegade and a spy. Ana Pauker was herself arrested for a few months in early 1953. When she found out that Stalin had died in March, she started to cry.

The rise of Zionism contributed the radicalization of leftist anti-Semitic prejudice. Furthermore, unable to predict the Holocaust (Trotsky was the sole notable exception), the Left remained attached to its outworn dogmas. [.......] Instead of the traditional identification with the underdog, the radical Left has decided that Israel represents capitalism at its worst, a new form of colonialism and even racism.

Echoing previous follies, some of those who champion these stances happen to be themselves Jewish. In some respects, it is as if people refuse to learn from history. Perhaps instead of people I should say intellectuals: a species made up of individuals more often than not seduced (and eager to be seduced) by the siren songs of utopianism.

In recent years, leftist biases, stereotypes and delusions regarding Jews, Judaism, and the state of Israel have grown and proliferated. Ironically, most of those who promote and advocate such bigoted, conspiratorial views have no idea that they are merely recycling Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin’s murderous visions of a world without Jews.

Read the rest – Betrayed Illusions: The Left and the Jews

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57 Responses to “Betrayed Illusions: The Left and the Jews”
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  1. 1 | August 22, 2013 11:15 am

    Interesting.


  2. Speranza
    2 | August 22, 2013 12:19 pm

    Some groups of people will remain loyal to the Left no matter what.


  3. Speranza
    3 | August 22, 2013 12:19 pm

    I guess the term is “cognitive dissonance”.


  4. Speranza
    4 | August 22, 2013 12:21 pm

    Think of such luminaries as Grigory Zinoviev, Lev Kamenev, Yakov Sverdlov, Rosa Luxemburg, Ruth Fischer, and the list is endless. Both “Red Rosa” and Lev Trotsky were born to traditional Jewish families, both did their utmost to overcome that heredity and convert to a supra-national, truly universalistic identity.

    Grigory Zinoviev, Lev Kamenev, and Leon Trostky were all murdered yet they died as true believers int eh cause that was responsible for their gruesome deaths.


  5. Speranza
    5 | August 22, 2013 12:24 pm

    There was a fellow named Louis Harap, a real communist who wrote in January, 1953 a month after the executions in Prague
    “The Truth About the Prague Trials” which was one of the worst apologias for the Stalinist regime in Czechoslovakia. I used to see “Jewish Currents” in the library back in the very early 1970′s. There was nothing “Jewish about it. It was virulently anti- Israel and atheistic.

    Here it is if you can stand it.
    http://jewishcurrents.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/jcarchive009.pdf


  6. Speranza
    6 | August 22, 2013 12:26 pm

    In 1949, Hungary had the Laslo Rajk trial (and purges) which also had a strong anti-Semitic tone to it.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%A1szl%C3%B3_Rajk


  7. Speranza
    7 | August 22, 2013 12:28 pm

    ”From Ambivalence to Betrayal: The Left, the Jews, and Israel” is must reading for those who want to understand the apparent paradox of the Left’s espousal of far-right conspiratorial, xenophobic delusions.

    The Left and the paleocons and freaks such as Alex Jones.


  8. Speranza
    8 | August 22, 2013 12:31 pm

    The biggest problems though with anti-Semitism these days is Islam. Muslim anti-Semitism is even more virulent then the traditional anti-Semitsim of Europe.


  9. MikeA
    9 | August 22, 2013 12:42 pm

    How is this different than Queers for Palenstine or any of the other left wing groups that support people who would kill them with glee.


  10. Speranza
    10 | August 22, 2013 12:42 pm

    Identifying bigotry in the Muslim world doesn’t make you a bigot. It make one a realist.


  11. Speranza
    11 | August 22, 2013 12:43 pm

    MikeA wrote:

    How is this different than Queers for Palenstine or any of the other left wing groups that support people who would kill them with glee.

    Not much different. Andrew Sullivan before he became nuts said Queers for Palestine is like “Turkeys for Thanksgiving”.


  12. The Osprey
    12 | August 22, 2013 12:46 pm

    Another 3 on 1 Black shooting attack on a White. This time in Memphis.

    Justus fo’ Trayvon, muhfuggahs!


  13. The Osprey
    13 | August 22, 2013 12:49 pm

    Seems like some of the ’72 Dolphins don’t particularly care to meet with D’won On De Downlow.

    Several ’72 Dolphins players refuse to visit white house in opposition to Obama’s policies.

    Hall of Famer Jim Langer told the South Florida Sun-Sentinel, “We’ve got some real moral compass issues in Washington.”

    “I don’t want to be in a room with those people and pretend I’m having a good time. I can’t do that. If that [angers] people, so be it,” Langer said.

    Manny Fernandez told the paper, “I’ll just say my views are diametrically opposed to the President’s.

    “Enough said. Let’s leave it at that. I hope everyone enjoys the trip who goes,” Fernandez added.

    Bob Kuechenberg, a former offensive lineman for the Dolphins, said, “I want to be careful, because mom said if you have nothing good to say about someone, then don’t say anything.”

    “I don’t have anything good to say about someone,” Kuechenberg said.


  14. 14 | August 22, 2013 12:49 pm

    @ Speranza:

    Witness the near lockstep in which blacks support the Party of Jim Crow, segregation, and even slavery. Even in more recent history it was the Democrats who tried to filibuster the 1964 Civil Rights Act (courtesy of Kleagle Byrd). More Republicans voted for the CRA than Democrats did, but by the way they vote you’d think that it wer the Republicans who’d voted against it.


  15. eaglesoars
    15 | August 22, 2013 1:06 pm

    Communists generally cannot tolerate ANY institution -- cultural, religious, etc., that could compete with their ideology. There’s a very good book I’m reading, Disinformation, by Ion Pacepa, who was head of Romanian intelligence and defected to the U.S. The Communists have also gone after the Catholic Church -- which has been seriously infiltrated. One of their weapons is the infamous ‘liberation theology’. And yes, they were behind the attempted assassination of John Paul.

    James Cone, he of the Black Liberation Theology, was another of their tools.


  16. eaglesoars
    16 | August 22, 2013 1:08 pm

    @ The Osprey:

    Wasn’t that a GREAT interview!! Did you catch his remarks about Cloward-Piven?

    The man gets it


  17. eaglesoars
    17 | August 22, 2013 1:14 pm

    Hannah Arendt wrote about Luxemburg in admiring terms and I’ve never understood why.


  18. Speranza
    18 | August 22, 2013 1:18 pm

    The Osprey wrote:

    Seems like some of the ’72 Dolphins don’t particularly care to meet with D’won On De Downlow.

    Several ’72 Dolphins players refuse to visit white house in opposition to Obama’s policies.

    Hall of Famer Jim Langer told the South Florida Sun-Sentinel, “We’ve got some real moral compass issues in Washington.”
    “I don’t want to be in a room with those people and pretend I’m having a good time. I can’t do that. If that [angers] people, so be it,” Langer said.
    Manny Fernandez told the paper, “I’ll just say my views are diametrically opposed to the President’s.
    “Enough said. Let’s leave it at that. I hope everyone enjoys the trip who goes,” Fernandez added.
    Bob Kuechenberg, a former offensive lineman for the Dolphins, said, “I want to be careful, because mom said if you have nothing good to say about someone, then don’t say anything.”
    “I don’t have anything good to say about someone,” Kuechenberg said.

    Are they still acting classless with the bottle of champagne when the last undefeated NFL team loses? the 1973 Dolphins were better then the 1972 Dolphins. the only guy form that team I like is Paul Warfield.


  19. Speranza
    19 | August 22, 2013 1:19 pm

    Iron Fist wrote:

    @ Speranza:
    Witness the near lockstep in which blacks support the Party of Jim Crow, segregation, and even slavery. Even in more recent history it was the Democrats who tried to filibuster the 1964 Civil Rights Act (courtesy of Kleagle Byrd). More Republicans voted for the CRA than Democrats did, but by the way they vote you’d think that it wer the Republicans who’d voted against it.

    Exactly. The Democratic Party has a vested interest in keeping Blacks down and on teh plantation.


  20. Speranza
    20 | August 22, 2013 1:20 pm

    eaglesoars wrote:

    Communists generally cannot tolerate ANY institution — cultural, religious, etc., that could compete with their ideology.

    Yes and once they have destroyed all perceived “threats” they turn on each other.


  21. Speranza
    21 | August 22, 2013 1:20 pm

    eaglesoars wrote:

    Hannah Arendt wrote about Luxemburg in admiring terms and I’ve never understood why.

    I was never a big fan of the Hannah Arendt “cult”.


  22. eaglesoars
    22 | August 22, 2013 1:23 pm

    Speranza wrote:

    Yes and once they have destroyed all perceived “threats” they turn on each other.

    ‘each other’ is very often one of those perceived threats. When he came to power, Kruschev murdered all the senior cops -- among others. Their purges tend toward the permanent kind


  23. 23 | August 22, 2013 1:25 pm

    eaglesoars wrote:

    Hannah Arendt wrote about Luxemburg in admiring terms and I’ve never understood why.

    Luxembourg is a good place to shelter money. Maybe that’s why?


  24. eaglesoars
    24 | August 22, 2013 1:25 pm

    Speranza wrote:

    I was never a big fan of the Hannah Arendt “cult”.

    she was an interesting thinker but I agree -- the cult thing is a bit much. I understand she was a great teacher, students loved her. That’s a gift.


  25. eaglesoars
    25 | August 22, 2013 1:25 pm

    @ Goldwaterite:

    cute. very cute.


  26. 26 | August 22, 2013 1:27 pm

    @ Speranza:

    Don’t forget Dennis “Justin” Raimondo


  27. 27 | August 22, 2013 1:27 pm

    Evan Sayet has about the best explanation as to why the left hates Jews, and why Jews love the left.


  28. 28 | August 22, 2013 1:28 pm

    @ eaglesoars:

    hey I was trying to think of something good about Luxembourg. I would rather put my money in the Caymans. Better beaches!


  29. 29 | August 22, 2013 1:29 pm

    @ Goldwaterite:

    By the way, love the new nic and avatar.


  30. 30 | August 22, 2013 1:30 pm

    @ Flyovercountry:

    Just like Goldwater was a rebel on the Right for his time, I am a rebel as well.


  31. eaglesoars
    31 | August 22, 2013 1:31 pm

    Flyovercountry wrote:

    Evan Sayet has about the best explanation as to why the left hates Jews, and why Jews love the left.

    please enlighten me. I don’t even know who Evan Sayet is/was


  32. Speranza
    32 | August 22, 2013 1:51 pm

    Goldwaterite wrote:

    @ Flyovercountry:
    Just like Goldwater was a rebel on the Right for his time, I am a rebel as well.

    Hilary was a “Goldwater girl”.


  33. Speranza
    33 | August 22, 2013 1:52 pm

    eaglesoars wrote:

    Speranza wrote:
    I was never a big fan of the Hannah Arendt “cult”.

    she was an interesting thinker but I agree — the cult thing is a bit much. I understand she was a great teacher, students loved her. That’s a gift.

    Her novels are so long they make Dickens or Tolstoy’s novels seem like short stories.


  34. Speranza
    34 | August 22, 2013 1:53 pm

    Goldwaterite wrote:

    @ Speranza:
    Don’t forget Dennis “Justin” Raimondo

    The way that man sucks down cigarettes I would hate to have to write an actuarial policy for him.


  35. 35 | August 22, 2013 1:55 pm

    @ eaglesoars:

    http://musingsofamadconservative.blogspot.com/p/unified-theory-on-liberalism.html

    His main job is as a script writer for the movie shows and television. He delivered a speech to the Heritage Foundation that became known as the Unified Field Theory on Liberalism.


  36. Speranza
    36 | August 22, 2013 1:55 pm

    eaglesoars wrote:

    Speranza wrote:
    Yes and once they have destroyed all perceived “threats” they turn on each other.

    ‘each other’ is very often one of those perceived threats. When he came to power, Kruschev murdered all the senior cops — among others. Their purges tend toward the permanent kind

    In fairness I think they know each other all to well and all totalitarians need to get rid of any possible threat even if the threat is miniscule.


  37. eaglesoars
    37 | August 22, 2013 1:58 pm

    Speranza wrote:

    Her novels are so long they make Dickens or Tolstoy’s novels seem like short stories.

    I am unaware of any novel written by Arendt


  38. eaglesoars
    38 | August 22, 2013 2:07 pm

    Flyovercountry wrote:

    @ eaglesoars:
    http://musingsofamadconservative.blogspot.com/p/unified-theory-on-liberalism.html
    His main job is as a script writer for the movie shows and television. He delivered a speech to the Heritage Foundation that became known as the Unified Field Theory on Liberalism.

    thanks -- listening now


  39. Speranza
    39 | August 22, 2013 2:30 pm

    eaglesoars wrote:

    Speranza wrote:
    Her novels are so long they make Dickens or Tolstoy’s novels seem like short stories.
    I am unaware of any novel written by Arendt

    Huh? The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugs.


  40. eaglesoars
    40 | August 22, 2013 2:33 pm

    Speranza wrote:

    Huh? The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugs.

    That’s Rand, not Arendt


  41. Speranza
    41 | August 22, 2013 2:37 pm

    eaglesoars wrote:

    Speranza wrote:
    Huh? The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugs.
    That’s Rand, not Arendt

    Good grief you are right. I am embarrassed.

    Hannah Arendt wrote “Eichmann in Jerusalem”. Not a long book and not a novel.


  42. 42 | August 22, 2013 2:39 pm

    @ Speranza:

    I’m shocked Speranza! Shocked!


  43. rain of lead
    43 | August 22, 2013 2:40 pm

    it was discussed earlier but this is just one more sign that the economy is in the shitter

    125 shopping days left: Retailers start Xmas deals

    Toys R Us announced Wednesday that it would expand its price-match guarantee to include online retailers including Amazon.com, Walmart.com, Target.com and BestBuy.com, among others. The aim, according to the release, “Removing any doubt before holiday shopping begins in earnest that customers are receiving the best available prices.”
    Also on Wednesday, Walmart announced it will drop the $5 fee it charged shoppers in previous years to open a layaway account. Shoppers can begin putting eligible items on layaway for the holidays on Sept. 13, with the retailer’s Facebook fans gaining access two days earlier.

    “All year long, but especially during the holidays, our customers need a low price leader,” said the retail giant’s chief merchandising and marketing officer Duncan Mac Naughton in a statement. “This year, we are committed to doing everything we did last year to help Americans save money—plus more. More savings, more layaway items and our commitment that they can give their families a great Christmas on a budget.”


  44. eaglesoars
    44 | August 22, 2013 2:42 pm

    Speranza wrote:

    I am embarrassed.

    meh. not too long ago I reversed the order of 9/11 and some other event.


  45. eaglesoars
    45 | August 22, 2013 2:45 pm

    @ Speranza:

    Try reading Arendt’s ‘Origin of Totalitarianism’. I dare you

    Define ‘turgid’

    Rand is a lot more fun


  46. eaglesoars
    46 | August 22, 2013 2:53 pm

    Flyovercountry wrote:

    @ eaglesoars:
    http://musingsofamadconservative.blogspot.com/p/unified-theory-on-liberalism.html
    His main job is as a script writer for the movie shows and television. He delivered a speech to the Heritage Foundation that became known as the Unified Field Theory on Liberalism.

    when was this talk given?


  47. RIX
    47 | August 22, 2013 2:57 pm

    http://weaselzippers.us/2013/08/22/obama-calls-for-federal-government-to-rank-colleges-financially-punish-or-reward-schools-based-on-their-ranking/

    It’s all about blackmail & Obamas definition of acceptable diversity.


  48. RIX
    48 | August 22, 2013 3:03 pm

    http://twitter.com/TheMorningSpew/status/370326088364216320/photo/1

    You have got to see this.


  49. eaglesoars
    49 | August 22, 2013 3:08 pm

    Flyovercountry

    That was EXCELLENT!!

    @ RIX:

    oh

    my

    god

    gotta feed the dogs and run some errands -- later


  50. 50 | August 22, 2013 3:20 pm

    @ RIX:

    Wow! She has no concept of what she is wearing, does she? I’d have thought there’d have been somebody along the line to question her about it. Guess nobody wants to upset the Diva…


  51. RIX
    51 | August 22, 2013 3:22 pm

    Iron Fist wrote:

    @ RIX:

    Wow! She has no concept of what she is wearing, does she? I’d have thought there’d have been somebody along the line to question her about it. Guess nobody wants to upset the Diva…

    In the alternative, he people a just snarking & telling her it looks good for kicks.


  52. Speranza
    52 | August 22, 2013 3:41 pm

    RIX wrote:

    http://twitter.com/TheMorningSpew/status/370326088364216320/photo/1
    You have got to see this.

    Hideous!


  53. Speranza
    53 | August 22, 2013 3:41 pm

    RIX wrote:

    http://weaselzippers.us/2013/08/22/obama-calls-for-federal-government-to-rank-colleges-financially-punish-or-reward-schools-based-on-their-ranking/
    It’s all about blackmail & Obama’s definition of acceptable diversity.

    “Acceptable diversity” means fewer whites.


  54. darkwords
    54 | August 22, 2013 3:45 pm

    @ 53 Speranza: No reason for the feds to be in education anymore. They reached their goal of lowering the cumulative IQ of the country.


  55. buzzsawmonkey
    55 | August 22, 2013 3:58 pm

    Jews are still struggling to come to terms with the Napoleonic emancipation. It was Napoleon, over 200 years ago, who abolished the ghettos of Europe and decreed Jews to be citizens of the countries in which they lived. They had been considered nationless foreign nationals prior to that time, usually under the direct protection/ownership of the local sovereign.

    This emancipation, however, came with a price. “To the Jews as individuals, everything; to the Jews as a nation, nothing,” one French statesman famously said. This meant that the Jews were now “equal” in law—but not in the minds of their now-fellow-citizens. Centuries of antisemitic feeling could not be erased by a decree. This is why the great writer Ahad Ha’Am, comparing the situation of the Jews of France, cowering from their “fellow citizens” in the wake of the Dreyfus case, to that of the Jews of Russia, brutally oppressed by the Czar, said, “I have no civil rights—but at least I have not sold my soul for civil rights.”

    The Jews of Western Europe responded to “emancipation” in various ways: by converting; by assimilation, which involved watering down Jewish practice to make it resemble Christianity as much as possible (this is when Reform Judaism was born); to try and eliminate “Jewishness” by eliminating all national distinctions (communism, and its variants); by trying to make the Jews “a nation like any other” (Zionism, which sought to erase Judaism and substitute nationalism); and by rejecting modernism and clinging instead to tradition despite the lures of modernism (Orthodox Judaism, of various types).


  56. texasam7
    56 | August 22, 2013 4:12 pm

    @ Iron Fist:
    The day I discovered that fact in our local library was the day I began to question everything I thought I knew. It was the day I took the red pill.


  57. Speranza
    57 | August 22, 2013 6:54 pm

    Iron Fist wrote:

    @ Speranza:
    Witness the near lockstep in which blacks support the Party of Jim Crow, segregation, and even slavery. Even in more recent history it was the Democrats who tried to filibuster the 1964 Civil Rights Act (courtesy of Kleagle Byrd). More Republicans voted for the CRA than Democrats did, but by the way they vote you’d think that it wer the Republicans who’d voted against it.

    The Democrats were always the party of racism.


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